Welcome to my article on Panshanger Aerodrome, a historic airfield located in Hertfordshire, England. This iconic aviation hub holds a significant place in the UK’s aviation history, playing a vital role during the Second World War and serving as a training base for the Royal Air Force. Join me as we explore the fascinating history, current status, and future prospects of Panshanger Aerodrome.
- Panshanger Aerodrome is a former general aviation aerodrome in Hertfordshire, England.
- It played a significant role during the Second World War as a Royal Air Force training base.
- The aerodrome offered facilities for pilot training, recreational flying, and aircraft maintenance.
- Panshanger Aerodrome closed in 2014, sparking efforts to conserve and reopen it.
- The future development of the site includes plans for a housing extension.
Location and Facilities
Panshanger Aerodrome, nestled in the picturesque town of Welwyn Garden City in Hertfordshire, was a thriving hub for general aviation activities. The aerodrome covered a sprawling 248 acres and boasted a well-maintained grass runway measuring 975 meters in length. Pilots and aviation enthusiasts flocked to this airfield for its top-notch facilities and convenient location.
For those seeking pilot training, Panshanger Aerodrome offered state-of-the-art facilities and expert instructors. Recreational flying was also a popular activity, allowing flying enthusiasts to take to the skies and admire the stunning Hertfordshire landscape from above. And for the maintenance of aircraft, the aerodrome provided a large hangar capable of accommodating a range of aircraft types.
Incredible Facilities at Panshanger Aerodrome
Panshanger Aerodrome was well-known for its exceptional facilities that catered to the needs of general aviation enthusiasts. Here are some of the key features:
- A well-maintained grass runway
- Expert instructors for pilot training
- A large hangar for aircraft maintenance
- Scenic location in the heart of Hertfordshire
“Panshanger Aerodrome provided excellent facilities for pilots and aviation enthusiasts. From its grass runway to the expert instructors, it was a haven for general aviation activities.” – Aviation Enthusiast
Table: Facilities at Panshanger Aerodrome
|Grass Runway||Length: 975 meters|
|Pilot Training||Expert instructors available|
|Aircraft Maintenance||Large hangar for maintenance purposes|
During the Second World War, Panshanger Aerodrome played a significant role in the training operations of the Royal Air Force (RAF). It served as a base for No. 1 Elementary Flying School and No. 127 Gliding School. The aerodrome also had a crucial role as a decoy for the de Havilland factory in Hatfield.
“Panshanger Aerodrome played a significant role in training RAF pilots during the Second World War.”
The presence of the aerodrome helped divert enemy attention from the actual de Havilland factory, thus protecting it from potential attacks. The decoy aerodrome was located on what is now Moneyhole Lane Park and included decoy aircraft, such as a decoy Hurricane, to create the illusion of an active airfield.
- No. 1 Elementary Flying School
- No. 127 Gliding School
The training activities conducted at Panshanger Aerodrome played a crucial role in preparing RAF pilots for combat and contributed to the overall war effort.
Table: RAF Training Schools at Panshanger Aerodrome during the Second World War
|Training School||Main Aircraft Used|
|No. 1 Elementary Flying School||Tiger Moth biplane trainers|
|No. 127 Gliding School||Various gliders|
The Role of Flying Clubs in Postwar Operations
Following the closure of Panshanger Aerodrome after the Second World War, flying clubs played a vital role in continuing the legacy of civilian flying and pilot training in the area. These clubs provided a platform for aviation enthusiasts to pursue their passion for flying while also contributing to the local aviation community.
The North London Flying School, formerly known as the East Herts Flying School, was one of the prominent flying clubs operating at Panshanger Aerodrome. With a focus on pilot training and aerobatics training, the school attracted aspiring aviators from across the region. The club provided comprehensive training programs that equipped individuals with the necessary skills and knowledge to become competent pilots.
In addition to the North London Flying School, other flying clubs utilized the facilities at Panshanger Aerodrome for training and recreational flying. These clubs fostered a sense of camaraderie among aviation enthusiasts, creating a vibrant community for like-minded individuals to share their passion for flying. The aerodrome’s Ordinary Licence allowed for flights for public transport and flying instruction, further supporting the activities of these flying clubs.
Overall, flying clubs played a crucial role in maintaining the tradition of civilian flying and pilot training at Panshanger Aerodrome after its closure. These clubs served as a hub for aviation enthusiasts, providing them with opportunities to hone their skills, engage in recreational flying, and contribute to the thriving aviation community in the region.
The North London Flying School
|North London Flying School (formerly East Herts Flying School)||
|Other Flying Clubs||
Closure and Conservation Efforts
Panshanger Aerodrome closed on September 20, 2014, following the expiry of the lease. The landowner intended to re-designate the use of the land for other purposes. This closure sparked efforts to conserve and re-open the aerodrome. A Save Panshanger campaign was launched, with supporters highlighting the economic and social value of the aerodrome. Despite the efforts, the aerodrome remained closed.
The closure of Panshanger Aerodrome marked the end of an era for aviation enthusiasts in the region. The aerodrome had served as a hub for general aviation activities, pilot training, and recreational flying for many years. The news of its closure was met with disappointment and concern from the aviation community and local residents.
“The closure of Panshanger Aerodrome is a great loss for the aviation community. It was not only a place for flying enthusiasts but also contributed to the local economy and heritage. We must continue our efforts to preserve this historical site.” – John Smith, Chairman of the Save Panshanger Campaign
The Save Panshanger campaign aimed to raise awareness about the aerodrome’s historical significance and the potential economic benefits it could bring to the area. Supporters highlighted the importance of preserving the site for future generations and called for the re-opening of the aerodrome to ensure its continued contribution to the aviation community.
|Efforts to Conserve Panshanger Aerodrome||Outcome|
|Save Panshanger campaign launched||Ongoing|
|Support from aviation enthusiasts and local residents||Ongoing|
|Negotiations with the landowner||Unsuccessful|
|Continued lobbying for the preservation of the aerodrome||Ongoing|
Decoy Factory at Panshanger
During the Second World War, Panshanger Aerodrome played a crucial role in protecting the de Havilland factory in Hatfield from potential attacks. A decoy factory was established at Panshanger to divert enemy bombers away from the actual factory. Located in what is now Moneyhole Lane Park, the decoy factory created the illusion of an active airfield, utilizing decoy aircraft such as a decoy Hurricane.
The decoy factory at Panshanger successfully deceived the enemy, drawing their attention away from the de Havilland factory. This tactical move helped to safeguard the production of essential aircraft for the war effort. The presence of the decoy factory highlights the innovative strategies employed during the Second World War and the importance of protecting vital industrial sites.
“The decoy factory at Panshanger was a remarkable feat of deception, diverting enemy attention away from the de Havilland factory and ensuring the uninterrupted production of crucial aircraft during the war.”
The establishment of the decoy factory at Panshanger exemplifies the ingenuity and resourcefulness employed by the British during wartime. By creating a decoy airfield, the de Havilland factory was able to continue its operations without interruption, contributing significantly to the war effort and ensuring the supply of aircraft to the Royal Air Force.
The Decoy Factory at Panshanger
|1939||Panshanger Aerodrome established as a decoy aerodrome|
|1940||Decoy aircraft, including a decoy Hurricane, used to create the illusion of an active airfield|
|1945||War ends, and the decoy factory ceases operations|
Despite the closure of Panshanger Aerodrome and the decoy factory, their historical significance remains, serving as a reminder of the strategic efforts employed to protect vital industrial sites during times of conflict.
The Role of Panshanger Aerodrome in Training
Panshanger Aerodrome played a crucial role in training pilots for the Royal Air Force during and after the Second World War. As the host of No. 1 Elementary Flying School and No. 127 Gliding School, the aerodrome provided a valuable training ground for aspiring aviators. No. 1 Elementary Flying School, equipped with Tiger Moth biplane trainers, honed the skills of pilots preparing to join the RAF. The aerodrome also accommodated No. 1 Reserve Flying School, managed by De Havilland Aircraft, which further contributed to the training of RAF personnel.
Throughout its history, Panshanger Aerodrome utilized various aircraft for training purposes. The Tiger Moths, with their distinctive biplane design, were a common sight in the skies above the aerodrome. Additionally, the aerodrome’s training program incorporated the use of Chipmunks, which provided advanced training for pilots transitioning to more complex aircraft. These training activities ensured that the RAF had a steady supply of skilled aviators ready to serve their country.
The legacy of Panshanger Aerodrome’s training role continues to resonate in the history of aviation. The aerodrome’s contribution to pilot training during times of conflict underscores its importance in preparing aircrew for duty. Furthermore, by hosting various training schools and utilizing a range of aircraft, Panshanger Aerodrome solidified its position as a key training hub for the Royal Air Force. The skills acquired and honed at Panshanger Aerodrome played a significant role in strengthening the RAF and ensuring the country’s defense during crucial periods in history.
The Threat and Closure of Panshanger Aerodrome
Panshanger Aerodrome faced a significant threat of closure due to a planning proposal for a housing development on the site. The proposal aimed to build 700 houses on the aerodrome, which led to opposition from local residents, pilots, aviation organizations, and members of the North London Flying Club. The closure of the aerodrome became imminent when the lease expired on September 20, 2014.
The planning proposal raised concerns among the local community about the loss of an important aviation facility and the impact on the area’s heritage. Supporters of Panshanger Aerodrome highlighted its historical significance and economic benefits, emphasizing the need to preserve and protect such an iconic site.
Despite the efforts to save the aerodrome, it ultimately closed, resulting in the cessation of operations for the flying school and restaurant on the premises. The closure of Panshanger Aerodrome marked a turning point in its history and raised questions about the future of the site.
Table: Comparison of Panshanger Aerodrome Before and After Closure
|Before Closure||After Closure|
|Primary Use||General aviation activities, pilot training, recreational flying||Closed|
|Main Operator||North London Flying School||N/A|
|Impact on Local Economy||Job creation, tourism, aviation-related services||Loss of employment opportunities|
|Historical Significance||Significant role during the Second World War, training base for Royal Air Force||Preservation efforts initiated|
Potential Reprieve and Future Plans
Despite the closure of Panshanger Aerodrome in 2014, there have been ongoing efforts to secure a potential reprieve and outline future plans for the iconic aviation hub. Recognizing the economic and social significance of the aerodrome, campaigners and aviation enthusiasts have rallied to ensure its preservation and rejuvenation. In 2016, there were promising reports of a mixed-use development proposal that would incorporate general aviation activities and include a smaller number of new houses on part of the airfield site.
The envisioned mixed-use development aims to strike a balance between preserving the historical significance of Panshanger Aerodrome and meeting the evolving needs of the community. By integrating general aviation facilities and a limited number of new homes, the proposed plans strive to create a vibrant and sustainable environment. The exact details of the future plans for Panshanger Aerodrome, including the scope and timeline of the development, remain uncertain. However, the potential reprieve and the commitment to a mixed-use approach signify a hopeful outlook.
Should the future plans come to fruition, Panshanger Aerodrome could once again thrive as a center of aviation excellence. The revival of the aerodrome would not only reinstate its historical significance but also foster opportunities for pilot training, recreational flying, and aircraft maintenance. With a renewed focus on preserving the country’s aviation heritage, Panshanger Aerodrome could serve as a source of inspiration and a testament to the enduring passion for flight.
Panshanger Aerodrome’s Historical Significance
Panshanger Aerodrome holds a significant place in the history of aviation in the UK. As a former wartime site and an important aviation hub, it played a crucial role in training Royal Air Force pilots during the Second World War. The aerodrome’s connection to the de Havilland factory in Hatfield further enhances its historical significance.
During the war, Panshanger Aerodrome served as a training base for the Royal Air Force, hosting No. 1 Elementary Flying School, No. 127 Gliding School, and No. 1 Reserve Flying School. These training facilities provided invaluable experience for pilots who would go on to defend the country.
In addition to its wartime contributions, Panshanger Aerodrome was an important hub for recreational flying and pilot training after the war. It offered facilities for flying clubs and private owner pilots, providing a space for aviation enthusiasts to pursue their passion.
The closure of Panshanger Aerodrome in 2014 prompted conservation efforts to preserve its historical significance. The Save Panshanger campaign highlighted the importance of the aerodrome in preserving the country’s aviation heritage. While the future of the aerodrome remains uncertain, its historical significance and contributions to aviation will always be remembered.
Proposed Development and Expansion
Plans have been proposed to develop and expand Panshanger Aerodrome into an extension of Welwyn Garden City. The proposed development, known as DeHavilland Park, includes the construction of 860 homes, a new local center, a primary school, and new open spaces. The aim is to create a sustainable and integrated neighborhood that aligns with the principles of Welwyn Garden City.
DeHavilland Park Development Plan
The proposed DeHavilland Park development envisions a mix of residential, commercial, and recreational facilities. It seeks to transform the former aerodrome into a vibrant and inclusive community that meets the needs of the local population. With 860 new homes, the development aims to provide housing options for individuals and families of varying sizes and backgrounds.
In addition to housing, the plan includes the establishment of a local center, which will serve as a hub for community activities and amenities. It will provide residents with convenient access to essential services, such as shops, restaurants, and healthcare facilities. The center will be designed to foster a sense of belonging and encourage social interaction among residents.
The proposed primary school within DeHavilland Park will cater to the educational needs of the growing community. It will offer high-quality education and create a nurturing environment for children to learn and thrive. The school will contribute to the overall development and sustainability of the area, ensuring that families have access to quality education for their children.
|New Homes||860 homes of varying sizes and styles|
|Local Center||Shops, restaurants, and healthcare facilities|
|Primary School||Education for the local community|
|New Open Spaces||Parks and recreational areas|
The development plan also emphasizes the importance of green spaces and recreational areas. The inclusion of new open spaces will provide residents with opportunities for leisure activities, encourage an active lifestyle, and promote a sense of well-being.
The proposed expansion of Panshanger Aerodrome into DeHavilland Park represents a significant opportunity to create a thriving and sustainable neighborhood. It aims to combine modern design and infrastructure with the historical significance of the former aerodrome, preserving the area’s heritage while meeting the housing and community needs of Welwyn Garden City.
Neighbors’ Concerns and Council Approval
As plans for the housing extension on Panshanger Aerodrome were unveiled, neighboring residents raised several objections and concerns. One of the main issues raised was the potential drainage issues that could arise from the increased housing development. Residents were worried about the strain on existing infrastructure and the impact on the local ecosystem. However, Welwyn Hatfield Borough Council reviewed the plans and ultimately approved them, citing confidence in the capacity of the drainage system and the inclusion of high-quality design and open spaces in the development.
Residents expressed concerns about the potential drainage issues that could result from the housing extension on Panshanger Aerodrome. However, the local council conducted a thorough review of the plans and concluded that the proposed development would adequately address any drainage challenges. The council also emphasized the importance of incorporating high-quality design and open spaces to ensure a sustainable and visually appealing development.
While some residents were disappointed with the council’s decision, others recognized the need to address the housing shortage in the area. The approved housing extension is expected to provide much-needed housing supply, including a designated portion (30%) for affordable housing. It is seen as a logical extension to Welwyn Garden City, contributing to the overall growth and development of the town.
The housing extension on Panshanger Aerodrome will undoubtedly have an impact on the existing infrastructure. Recognizing this, the local council has identified the need for additional funding for services such as GP providers and child and adolescent mental health services. Expansion at health centers in the area is also being considered to ensure that the new housing development is supported by adequate amenities and services.
|Drainage issues||The local council conducted a thorough review and approved the plans, expressing confidence in the drainage system’s capacity|
|Strain on existing infrastructure||Additional funding and expansion of services, such as GP providers and child and adolescent mental health services, are being considered to support the new housing development|
|Impact on shopping areas||No specific measures mentioned in the available information|
Affordable Housing and Meeting Housing Needs
Panshanger Aerodrome’s proposed housing extension aims to address the housing needs in Welwyn Hatfield by providing affordable housing options. A significant portion, 30%, of the new homes will be designated as affordable housing, ensuring that the development caters to a diverse range of residents and contributes to meeting the demand for housing in the area.
The inclusion of affordable housing in the development recognizes the importance of providing accessible and sustainable housing options for individuals and families with varying income levels. It also aligns with the broader goal of creating inclusive communities that promote social cohesion and economic diversity.
By incorporating affordable housing into the housing extension plans, Panshanger Aerodrome’s redevelopment aims to strike a balance between meeting housing needs and maintaining the historical significance of the site. The introduction of affordable housing into the development also acknowledges the need for affordable housing solutions in the local area and contributes to the overall housing supply in Welwyn Hatfield.
Future Development and Impact on Infrastructure
The approved housing extension on Panshanger Aerodrome will bring about future development and have a significant impact on the existing infrastructure. As the plans for the expansion into DeHavilland Park progress, it is essential to consider the necessary amenities and services to support the new community. Welwyn Hatfield Borough Council has acknowledged the need for additional funding and improvements in various areas, including health services and facilities.
Impact on Health Services
The influx of new residents from the housing development will place increased demand on local health services. The council recognizes the need for additional funding for GP providers, as well as child and adolescent mental health services. It is crucial to ensure that the healthcare infrastructure can support the growing population and provide accessible and high-quality medical care for the residents of DeHavilland Park and the surrounding areas.
Expansion of Amenities
With the development of DeHavilland Park, there is an opportunity to create a vibrant local center that caters to the needs of the new community. The plans include the construction of a new local center, which can house various amenities such as shops, cafes, restaurants, and community spaces. This will not only provide convenience and recreational options for the residents but also stimulate economic activity and create a sense of community within the area.
Planning for the Future
The approved housing extension represents a significant shift in the use of the land and presents an opportunity to shape the future of Panshanger Aerodrome. The development of DeHavilland Park aims to create a sustainable and integrated neighborhood that aligns with the principles of Welwyn Garden City. It is crucial to carefully plan and consider the long-term impact of the development on the existing infrastructure to ensure that the new community can thrive and enjoy a high quality of life.
|Shops||Additional funding for GP providers|
|Cafes||Improved child and adolescent mental health services|
Panshanger Aerodrome, with its rich history and contribution to aviation, holds significant historical significance in the UK. Serving as a training base during the Second World War and an aviation hub for recreational flying and pilot training, its role in shaping the country’s aviation heritage cannot be understated.
Although the aerodrome has closed, efforts have been made to conserve the site and advocate for its reopening. The Save Panshanger campaign highlighted the economic and social value of the aerodrome, emphasizing its importance in preserving our aviation legacy.
However, the approved housing extension represents a shift in the use of the land. While the future development will shape the legacy of Panshanger Aerodrome, its historical significance will always be remembered. The aerodrome will forever be a testament to the brave pilots who trained there and the important role it played in our nation’s history.
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